The risk of diabetes is greatly increased if you have or have had a kidney disease.
Diabetes is more common in younger people and is more common in females.
Your chance of having diabetes decreases as you get older, especially if you smoke and stay away from smoking.
You may want to talk to your doctor about how you can manage diabetes.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is when your blood sugar keeps climbing. It's the most common cause of serious and prolonged health problems, as well as death in people who have diabetes. Diabetics have to take certain medications to control their blood glucose levels and they may need insulin (also called a medication) to eat.
Diabetes is the leading cause of life-threatening illness and injury in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in 2013, approximately 2.6 million Americans, or 24 percent of the U.S. population, were living with diabetes. A growing problem is obesity.
What causes diabetes?
There are many reasons why a person becomes diabetic. They may be:
A genetic link. The genes (inherited traits) that cause one person to develop diabetes may also lead someone with diabetes to develop diabetes. A genetic mutation called MetSyn3 is associated with type 1 diabetes in half of all people who have one or both of the gene mutations.
The genes (inherited traits) that cause one person to develop diabetes may also lead someone with diabetes to develop diabetes. A chemical imbalance. Excess levels of certain chemicals — such as glucose, acid (salt), and fat — in the blood can cause diabetes. Diabetes increases the risk of developing high blood pressure, high blood sugar, and kidney disease.
Excess levels of certain chemicals — such as glucose, acid (salt), and fat — in the blood can cause diabetes. Diabetes increases the risk of developing high blood pressure, high blood sugar, and kidney disease. Overwork. Diabetes can also be caused by your daily activities and sleep habits. It's important to rest and to eat well each day to stay healthy.
Diabetes can also be caused by your daily activities and sleep habits. It's important to rest and to eat well each day to stay healthy. An overactive thyroid. People with high cholesterol or a thyroid disorder can also have diabetes, since they can't properly regulate their blood sugar levels.
People with high cholesterol or a thyroid disorder can also have diabetes, since they can't properly regulate their blood sugar levels. A diet that's low in fiber. People on a low-fiber diet may be more likely to experience diabetes.
People on a low-fiber diet may be more likely to experience diabetes. An increased physical activity level. A healthy lifestyle can help control your blood glucose levels.
Get more information on diabetes and tips to prevent or manage diabetes.
Diabetes and High Blood Pressure You may be at risk of developing high blood pressure if you've had Type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or high levels of blood sugar. This risk may increase if you have: heart disease or high blood pressure
high triglycerides, high levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), or high triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (hyperlipidaemia)
low HDL (good) cholesterol levels
low-normal (blood pressure below 140/90 mm Hg, normal blood pressure below 90/60 mm Hg) blood pressure in someone under 65 years old
sickle cell anemia If you have this risk, you should talk to your healthcare provider about being tested for diabetes and being treated if needed.
Diabetes and Obesity Weight gain is associated with higher levels of triglyceride and other risk factors for high blood pressure. High blood glucose levels also increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Weight loss is associated with lower levels of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (triglycerides), and triglyceride levels may improve on a low-fat diet. Keep your weight up and make lifestyle changes to help your diabetes and your health. Get more information about diabetes and weight loss.
How is diabetes diagnosed?
Your healthcare provider will ask you questions about how frequently you have certain symptoms (e.g., fever, chills, weight gain or loss), how your symptoms impact you, and, if you have diabetes, your health conditions. You may have a physical exam, blood test, and an ultrasound if you need these examinations. If you have diabetes, your healthcare provider may check your blood sugar often, check your blood pressure, and check your blood lipids (LDL, triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol).
Are there any blood tests that can be done to diagnose diabetes?
Yes, but your health care provider may need to do your tests twice. A diabetes test consists of a blood sample from a thin tube that is inserted into your vein. This test is used to detect Type 1 (juvenile) diabetes, Type 2 (adolescent and adult) diabetes, and Type 2 and Type 2 together (adult and child) diabetes (Diabetes Mellitus, also known as Type 2 diabetes). Your blood will be drawn several times a year for checking for Type 2 and Type 2 together. If you're older, your diabetes may need to be tested multiple times a day.
The health care provider may use a medical history and examination to diagnose diabetes. Other tests, such as diabetes endocrinology and glucose tolerance test (glucose tolerance test), can detect and predict diabetes for people over age 65 years old.